Anticipate that an object’s interface needs to be extended in the future. Additional
interfaces are defined by extension objects.
Use the Extension Objects pattern when:
you need to support the addition of new or unforeseen interfaces to existing classes and you don’t want to impact clients that don’t need this new interface. Extension Objects lets you keep related operations together by defining them in a separate class
a class representing a key abstraction plays different roles for different clients. The number of roles the class can play should be open-ended. There is a need to preserve the key abstraction itself. For example, a customer object is still a customer object even if different subsystems view it differently.
a class should be extensible with new behavior without subclassing from it.